North Dakota’s Multi-Tiered System of Supports (NDMTSS) is a framework to provide all students with the best opportunities to achieve their
academic, social-emotional, and behavioral goals in school. NDMTSS focuses on providing high-quality instruction and interventions matched to
student need, monitoring progress frequently to make decisions about changes in instruction or goals. Data are used to allocate resources to support
staff implementation of highly effective practices to improve student learning outcomes. TIPS improve academic, social-emotional and behavioral
outcomes by focusing on equitable and inclusive solutions to reduce opportunity gaps for all students.
According to the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), a trauma-informed system is “one in which all parties involved recognize and
respond to the impact of traumatic stress on those who have contact with the system including children, caregivers, staff, and service providers.
According to McInerney & McKlindon (2014), by adopting trauma-informed practices, “schools undertake a paradigm shift at the staff and organizational
level to recognize, understand and address the learning needs of children impacted by trauma. This requires a commitment to shaping school culture,
practices and policies to be sensitive to the needs of traumatized learners. This effort positively impacts schools and changes the life trajectory of